What is a Magnum bottle?

Ever heard anybody talking about a Magnum bottle?  If yes, it was most likely a bottle of Magnum Champagne.  Magnum is a size descriptor for bottles of wine.  Just like there are splits aka half bottles of wine or piccolo’s for tiny 187ml bottle, there are names for the bigger wine bottles as well.  See below for a full list of
different sizes for wine bottles and where those are being used.  Magnum and even some double Magnum bottling are also pretty common at US and other wineries.

Size (liter)NameNotes/Orign of nameChampagneBordeauxBurgundy
0.187Piccolo"Small" in ItalianYes  
0.375Demi"Half" in French. Also known as a half bottle or split.YesYesYes
0.5Jennie"White Spirit" in Welsh. Also known as a 50 cl bottle. Used for Tokaj, Sauternes, Jerez, as well as several other types of sweet wines.   
0.75Standard"regular" wine bottleYesYesYes
1.5Magnum YesYesYes
2.25Marie JeanneAlso known as a Tregnum or Tappit Hen in the port wine trade. Yes 
3JeroboamBiblical: First king of Northern Kingdom.  Also known as double magnumYes Yes
4.5RehoboamBiblical: First king of separate JudeaYesYesYes
6Imperial  Yes 
6MethuselahBibical: Oldest manYes Yes
9SalmanazarBibical: Assyrian KingYesYesYes
12BalthazarOne of the wise menYesYesYes
15NebuchadnezzarBiblical: King of BabylonYesYesYes
18MelchiorOne of the wise menYesYesYes
20SolomonBiblical: King of Israel - Son of DavidYes  
30MelchizedekBiblical -far easternYes  


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